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U Street Metro Stop - Green and Yellow Lines - 1240 U St, NW, Washington, DC

U Street is a Washington Metro station in Washington, D.C. on the Green Line. It is also served by the Yellow Line during off-peak times. Service at the station began on May 11, 1991. The station is located in northwest Washington and serves the U Street neighborhood; nearby attractions include the Lincoln Theatre, the historic restaurant Ben's Chili Bowl, and several nightclubs, including The Black Cat and the 9:30 Club. The station is approximately five blocks east of the neighborhood of Adams Morgan. The station is single-platform with entrances at opposite ends, both on U Street at 10th and 13th Streets. "Cardozo" was added to the name just before opening, and refers to the nearby Cardozo High School. On November 3, 2011, the station was renamed to "U Street". Trains originally serviced this station as Yellow Line trains until Green Line service was formally introduced later that year. Yellow Line service resumed in late 2006 as part of what was initially an 18-month experiment to extend that line to Fort Totten station during non-rush hours and weekends. On June 10, 2001, Metro Transit Police Officer Marlon C. Morales was killed in the line of duty at this station. A plaque exists outside the 13th Street entrance in his honor.


U Street
African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo
U St-African-Amer Civil War Memorial-Cardozo Station.jpg
Station statistics
Address1240 U Street, Northwest
Washington, D.C. 20009
Lines
  Green Line
  Yellow Line off-peak hours
ConnectionsWMATA Metrobus
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedMay 11, 1991; 20 years ago
AccessibleHandicapped/disabled access
CodeE03
Owned byWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Formerly

U Street-Cardozo (1991-1999),

U Street African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo (1999-2011)
Services
Preceding station Washington Metro Following station
Shaw – Howard University
toward Branch Avenue
Green Line
Columbia Heights
toward Greenbelt
Shaw – Howard University
toward Huntington
Yellow Line
Columbia Heights
toward Fort Totten


Corridor to 13th Street entrance. Painted murals depict African-American musicians dancing in the street, an homage to U Street's cultural heritage.
Greater U Street Historic District
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. Historic district
G. Byron Peck's Duke Ellington mural on the True Reformer Building, as seen from across the street at Ben Ali Way — named for the late owner of Ben's Chili Bowl.
Location:Roughly bounded by New Hampshire Avenue, Florida Avenue, 6th Street, R Street, and 16th Street, NW
Washington, D.C.
Architectural style:Art Deco, Neoclassicism, Italianate, Queen Anne, Renaissance Revival, Romanesque Revival (approximately 1580 contributing properties)
NRHP Reference#:98001557
Added to NRHP:December 31, 1998

The U Street Corridor is a commercial and residential neighborhood in Northwest Washington, D.C with many shops, restaurants, nightclubs, art galleries, and music venues along a nine-block stretch of U Street. It extends from 9th Street on the east to 18th Street and Florida Avenue on the west. Most of the area is part of the larger Shaw neighborhood, with the western end entering the Dupont Circle neighborhood. It is served by the U Street Washington Metro station.

History

The U Street area is largely a Victorian-era neighborhood, developed between 1862 and 1900, the majority of which has been designated a historic district. The area is made up of row houses constructed rapidly by speculative builders and real estate developers in response to the city's high demand for housing following the Civil War and the growth of the federal government in the late 19th century. The corridor became commercially significant when a streetcar line operated there in the early 20th century, making it convenient for the first time for government employees to commute downtown to work and shop.

The 1700 block of U Street, N.W., in the Strivers' Section Historic District

Until the 1920s, when it was overtaken by Harlem, the U Street Corridor was home to a vibrant urban community. In its cultural heyday, it was known as "DC's Broadway", a phrase coined by singer Pearl Bailey. Duke Ellington's childhood home was located on 13th street between T and S Streets. The Lincoln Theatre opened in 1921, and Howard Theater in 1926.

Ben's Chili Bowl, a neighborhood landmark

While the area remained a cultural center through the 1960s, the neighborhood began to decline following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.in 1968. The intersection of 14th Street and U Street was the epicenter of violence and destruction during the 1968 Washington, D.C. riots. Following the riots, and the subsequent flight of affluent residents and businesses from the area, the corridor became blighted. Drug trafficking rose dramatically in the mid-1970s, when the intersection of 14th and U Streets was an area of drug trafficking in Washington, D.C.

In the 1990s, revitalization of Adams Morgan and later Logan Circle began. More than 2,000 luxury condominiums and apartments were constructed between 1997 ad 2007.

Music and culture

U Street has long been a center of Washington's music scene, with the Lincoln Theatre, Howard Theatre, Bohemian Caverns, and other clubs and historic jazz venues. The 9:30 Club, the Black Cat, DC9, U Street Music Hall, and the Velvet Lounge musical venues are located on the corridor, which is also home to the D.C. music collective Spelling for Bees.



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