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Mt Vernon Sq / Convention Center Metro Stop - Green & Yellow Lines - 700 M St., NW, Washington, DC

Mt Vernon Metro.jpg
Mount Vernon Square is a Washington Metro station in Washington, D.C., on the Green and Yellow Lines. Yellow Line trains terminate service here in peak hours, and reverse direction using a pocket track just north of the station. Metro has been running off-peak and weekend Yellow Line trains north to Fort Totten since 2006. Mount Vernon Square is the least-used station within the Metro system's core section, seeing only 3,813 entries each weekday.  Mount Vernon Square station is located at the border of the neighborhoods of Downtown and Shaw in the northwestern quadrant of Washington. Its namesake, Mount Vernon Square, is located two blocks to the south at the convergence of New York Avenue and Massachusetts Avenues and 7th, 9th, and K Streets. The station's subtitle is derived from the station's location along 7th Street NW, and its close proximity to the Washington Convention Center, although the station is only one of five Metro stations that run underneath 7th Street NW.

Transit-oriented development

Like many other Metro stations in the Washington Metropolitan Area, Mount Vernon Square station has spurred development in its proximity. Most prominent is the Washington Convention Center, although a number of smaller residential and commercial projects have been completed within the surrounding blocks. To the southeast of the station is the Mount Vernon Triangle, a business improvement district (BID) seeing rapid mixed-use growth. To the southwest of the station is the mixed-use CityCenterDC development project, which is currently in construction.

 History

Service began on May 11, 1991. The station mezzanine was renovated in 2003 to coincide with the opening of the current Washington Convention Center. The renovation included additional faregates and a new street entrance.

On January 7, 2007, the fifth car of a six-car train derailed in the tunnel at the interlocking south of the station, sending twenty people to the hospital for minor injuries and significantly damaging a rail car.  Service resumed the next day at 5 AM.

 Name changes

Originally planned to be named "Federal City College", the station was named "Mount Vernon Square - UDC" at the time of its 1991 opening. The station was renamed "Mt Vernon Sq/7th Street-Convention Center" in 2001. On November 3, 2011, the station was again renamed, taking "Mount Vernon Square" as the main name, with "7th Street - Convention Center" as a subtitle.

Mount Vernon Square Historic District
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. Historic district
Mount Vernon Square, with the Convention Center, Historical Society of Washington, D.C. and NPR Headquarters visible.
Location:Roughly bounded by New York Ave., 7th St., N St., and 1st St. NW, Washington, D.C.
NRHP Reference#:99001071
Added to NRHP:September 3, 1999
 Mount Vernon Square 
is a city square in the Northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C. It is located where the following streets would otherwise intersect: Massachusetts Avenue, New York Avenue, K Street, and 8th Street NW.
Mount Vernon Square is bounded on the east by 7th Street, N.W.; on the west by 9th Street, N.W.; on the north by Mount Vernon Place; and on the south by a two-block section of K Street that is slightly offset from the rest of K Street.
 
The old Carnegie Library located at Mount Vernon Square



On the north side of the square is the new Walter E. Washington Convention Center, the second largest building in the city, after the U.S. Capitol complex. On the south side is the Techworld office development, and on the east, offices of National Public Radio. In the center of the square is the Historical Society of Washington, D.C. The white marble building, finished in 1903, was originally the District of Columbia Public Library, a gift of Andrew Carnegie. Washington's Chinatown is centered two blocks to the south. The closest Metro station is Mt Vernon Square. The giant marble Mount Vernon Place United Methodist Church is another landmark.

Mount Vernon Square is also a Washington neighborhood and historic district, named for the adjacent city square, bounded by 9th Street N.W. on the west, 1st St and NJ Ave N.W. on the east, N Street N.W. on the north, and Massachusetts Avenue N.W. to the south.

The name Mount Vernon is a dedication to the English Vice-Admiral Edward Vernon. It was first applied to Mount Vernon, the Virginia estate of George Washington, the first President of the United States. It refers also to several other places around the world, which either derive from Vernon himself or from the Washington estate, the exception being the Anglicisation of the Greek mountain range Verno:
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